Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore. Waves suitable for surfing are primarily found in the ocean, but can also be found in lakes or in rivers in the form of a standing wave or tidal bore. However, surfers can also utilize artificial waves such as those from boat wakes and the waves created in artificial wave pools.
The term surfing refers to the act of riding a wave, regardless of whether the wave is ridden with a board or without a board, and regardless of the stance used. The native peoples of the Pacific, for instance, surfed waves on alaia, paipo, and other such craft, and did so on their belly and knees. The modern-day definition of surfing, however, most often refers to a surfer riding a wave standing up on a surfboard; this is also referred to as stand-up surfing.

Another prominent form of surfing is body boarding, when a surfer rides a wave on a bodyboard, either lying on their belly, drop knee, or sometimes even standing up on a body board. Other types of surfing include knee boarding, surf matting (riding inflatable mats), and using foils. Body surfing, where the wave is surfed without a board, using the surfer’s own body to catch and ride the wave, is very common and is considered by some to be the purest form of surfing.

Three major subdivisions within standing-up surfing are long boarding and short boarding and these two have several major differences, including the board design and length, the riding style, and the kind of wave that is ridden.

In tow-in surfing (most often, but not exclusively, associated with big wave surfing), a motorized water vehicle, such as a personal watercraft, tows the surfer into the wave front, helping the surfer match a large wave’s speed, which is generally a higher speed than a self-propelled surfer can produce. Surfing-related sports such as paddle boarding and sea kayaking do not require waves, and other derivative sports such as kite surfing and windsurfing rely primarily on wind for power, yet all of these platforms may also be used to ride waves.

Recently with the use of V-drive boats, Wakesurfing, in which one surfs on the wake of a boat, has emerged. The Guinness Book of World Records recognized a 78 feet (23.8 m) wave ride by Garrett McNamara at Nazaré, Portugal as the largest wave ever surfed, although this remains an issue of much contention amongst many surfers, given the difficulty of measuring a constantly changing mound of water.
References to surf riding on planks and single canoe hulls are also verified for pre-contact Samoa, where surfing was called fa’ase’e or se’egalu, and Tonga, far pre-dating the practice of surfing by Hawaiians and eastern Polynesians by over a thousand years.

In July 1885, three teenage Hawaiian princes took a break from their boarding school, St. Mathew’s Hall in San Mateo, and came to cool off in Santa Cruz, California. There, David Kawananakoa, Edward Keliiahonui and Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana’ole surfed the mouth of the San Lorenzo River on custom-shaped redwood boards, according to surf historians Kim Stoner and Geoff Dunn.

In 1907, the eclectic interests of the land baron Henry E. Huntington brought the ancient art of surfing to the California coast. While on vacation, Huntington had seen Hawaiian boys surfing the island waves. Looking for a way to entice visitors to the area of Redondo Beach, where he had heavily invested in real estate, he hired a young Hawaiian to ride surfboards. George Freeth decided to revive the art of surfing, but had little success with the huge 16-foot hardwood boards that were popular at that time. When he cut them in half to make them more manageable, he created the original “Long board”, which made him the talk of the islands. To the delight of visitors, Freeth exhibited his surfing skills twice a day in front of the Hotel Redondo.

 

Recommended Articles

Rhumbix modernizes construction field operations, helping builders go paperless in the field and improving how they measure and manage labor productivity. Our Field Intelligence Platform™ is a cloud-based mobile workforce management solution that collects and digitizes data from paper-based workflows. This ensures all project stakeholders have the best data to make better decisions and draw actionable insights.   

Learn more

Field Tools is revolutionary software that allows construction companies to go paperless in the field by managing forms, documents and reports in one location. With our easy to use and customizable submittal tool, companies can track job progress, safety, daily reports and more. All from one dashboard. 

Learn more

Archetype SC is a full-service IT consultancy focused on providing the professional community with solutions for cyber security, digital experience, and data analytics needs. Our solutions include A2 Analytics, which combines a unique package of hardware and software, powered by groundbreaking algorithms to provide precise location, mapping, and traffic data. We also offer a cyber security, risk, and vulnerability assessment product that is tailored to help you understand the risks that your company faces. Our digital experience team will help you identify and rectify inefficiencies through improved technology implementations. 

Learn more

Construction professionals around the world, use Autodesk Software to evaluate and improve the constructability of designs and the project delivery process. With Autodesk field management and virtual construction software, users are able to deliver more effective planning, coordination, and control through greater design insight and project predictability from preconstruction through execution. Autodesk Construction Solutions help contractors and subcontractors leverage the cloud to reduce waste, increase profit margins, produce results faster, and finish projects on budget.

Learn more

Viewpoint is dedicated to the success of contractors by providing construction-specific, collaborative cloud-based solutions for construction accounting, project management and workflow optimization in the field.

Only Viewpoint offers a comprehensive suite of solutions designed to bring your entire organization (Office, Team and Field) together. Rather than one-off software used to solve point problems that doesn’t integrate with other systems, we provide a software suite built from the ground up to provide a level of visibility and control over projects at every step of the process.

Learn more

BuildingConnected is the leading preconstruction platform enabling real estate owners and general contractors to hire qualified contractors for their projects. BuildingConnected’s mission is to connect every business in the $10 trillion construction industry and to strengthen the lives, jobs, and relationships of millions of hardworking construction professionals worldwide. More than $100 billion in new construction is enabled through the BuildingConnected platform every month. From the new Golden State Warriors stadium to local schools and hospitals, BuildingConnected’s tools are helping cities grow and bringing communities together. BuildingConnected’s headquarters are in San Francisco, with a presence in New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, and Chicago.

Learn more

Worksighted provides responsive, innovative, and strategic IT services to businesses seeking a valuable IT partner. Since 2000, the Holland-based firm has supported organizations throughout Michigan with the technology and strategy they need to grow.

Learn more

SPARK Business Works is a software development company focusing on improving Business Management and Operational Flow by building Mobile Apps, Dashboards, and Workflow Tools. SPARK serves trade contractors that want to maximize gains from the use of technology to improve workflow, process, and overall business management. SPARK has offices in Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, and Metro Detroit.

Learn more

Procore is a leading provider of cloud-based applications for construction. Procore connects people, applications, and devices through a unified platform to help construction professionals manage risk and build quality projects—safely, on time, and within budget.

Learn more

PlanGrid is a new breed of construction productivity software used on more than one million projects around the world. We are the first to provide contractors and owners in commercial, heavy civil and residential construction the tools they need to collaborate effectively and collect and manage project information throughout the project’s construction and operations lifespan.

PlanGrid increases team productivity by: streamlining document management and control, providing collaborators with easy access to all project information from any device, and enabling seamless collaboration.

Learn more

We are an Outsource Risk Management Company and Independent Insurance agency focused on delivering the best service to our customers. Our passion for innovative strategies helps customers overcome risk, delivering greater peace of mind and lower cost.

Learn more

ManufactOn is a SaaS (mobile/web) platform that helps construction firms plan, track and optimize both prefabrication and regular material management. It is the only tool of its kind specifically built from the ground up with off-site construction in mind. As an always-on, real-time portal into the prefab process, ManufactOn saves contractors time and reduces risk by facilitating collaboration, speeding up communication and ensuring accuracy and timeliness of the end-to-end construction supply chain.

Learn more

Kerkstra Precast, your source for superior precast concrete products serving Michigan, Indiana, Ohio & Illinois. Kerkstra Precast specializes in structural and architectural precast for countless building types as well as infrastructure products. The unique architectural design, versatility and structural integrity make precast the optimum choice for commercial, industrial and residential structures. From our hollow core flooring systems to wall panels to a total precast concrete structure, thousands of building owners are already experiencing the quiet, secure, long-lasting and low maintenance benefits of building with precast concrete.

Learn more

Hilti is a world-leading manufacturer and supplier of quality, innovative and specialized tools, software and fastening systems for the professional user. Hilti expertise covers the areas of powder actuated fastening, drilling and demolition, diamond coring and cutting, measuring, firestopping, screw fastening, adhesive and mechanical anchoring, and strut and hanger systems.

Learn more

BuildingPoint Midwest, is dedicated to improving productivity for the construction industry through advanced and intuitive technologies. Our portfolio of Trimble™ solutions streamlines communication and collaboration throughout the Design-Build-Operate (DBO) lifecycle to realize greater efficiency and profitability. Through the adoption of our advanced software, hardware and service offerings, general contractors and construction managers, architects, structural professionals and building owners realize greater efficiency and profitability.

Learn more

Assignar is a cloud-based SaaS platform built for construction subcontractors and self-perform general contractors (GCs) to improve visibility into field operations; manage project scheduling including the workforce, assets and materials for projects; and ensure safety, quality, and compliance processes. While many subcontractors today rely on paper, Excel spreadsheets and single-point solutions to track people, assets, materials, certifications, orientations and forms, Assignar provides them with digital and mobile tools to enable project scheduling, job tracking, checklists, compliance, and communication; all in real-time.

Learn more

The ARC Technology Suite offers your company access to the highest levels of software and hardware solutions and provides any size company a competitive advantage in the AEC community. With over 180 locations in North America, ARC is a trusted solutions partner capable of supporting your business throughout the project lifecycle. Whether you need us locally or Nationally we are here to contribute to your success.

Learn more